- State guaranteed loans in France improve access to credit for companies during the coronavirus crisis.
- 90% of the outstanding capital is covered by the guarantee.
- French State guaranteed loans have unique conditions for the repayment schedule and interest rate of the loan.
The State-guaranteed loan is an important tool by the French government to support businesses during the covid-19 crisis and the economic emergency that followed. Since the 8th of May 2020, lending platforms like October (with the status IFP - Intermédiaire en Financement Participatif) can distribute State-guaranteed loans.
What is a French State-guaranteed loan?
It goes without saying that the covid-19 crisis has created a high level of economic uncertainty. As a result, lenders in general are less willing to provide credit. SMEs still need credit, sometimes for growth, more often in today's environment to continue paying bills and salaries, while their income is (temporarily) dropping.
In fear of a credit crunch and eventually the bankruptcy of SMEs, governments are reducing the risk for lenders with state guarantees. With a state guarantee, the government covers a part of the loss in case a loan defaults. In other words, if a company cannot repay the loan, the state will partially repay for the company (up to 90%). As such they make it safer for you, as a lender, to lend to an SME.
October is normally remunerated through project set-up fees and monthly fees, that are charged to companies that lend on the platform. October will grant State-guaranteed loans at cost price for borrowers. The interest rate paid by companies that borrow on October remains totally dedicated to the remuneration of retail and institutional lenders. The interest rate will be lower, thanks to the state guarantee.
How does the interest rate works for those projects ?
French state-guaranteed loans are initially 12-month deferred loans with payment of interest (2%) and principal at the end of the loan. However, what makes the state-guaranteed loan unique is that the borrower can decide to extend their loan after the first 12 months, with a higher interest rate. At the end of this period, the borrower has the following 3 options :
Following an announcement from the French Ministry of the Economy and Finance on December 14, 2020, all companies that were granted a state-guaranteed loan, regardless of their activity and size, can apply for an additional one-year deferral to start repaying the capital of their state-guaranteed loan.
If a borrower wishes to extend their loan, they can now ask October for the extension of the deferral period for another 12 months, during which the company would repay only interest every month, followed by an amortisation period of up to 4 years, during which the borrower would repay both capital and interest (i.e. the maximum duration to fully amortise the loan remains 5 years).
The interest rate applicable during the additional 12-month deferral period is between 3.71% and 4.91% depending of the project rating (see table below):
When applying for the extension of the deferral period, the borrower will also have to indicate whether they will repay their loan immediately at the end of the deferral or whether they will spread the repayments over several years (in that case, they will also need to state the duration of the amortisation). If the company decides to spread the capital repayment after the extra deferral period, the loan will be repaid through annuities, with an interest rate comprised between 3.71% and 4.91%.
⚠️ Contrary to the extension of the amortisation period for a period of 1 to 5 years, this extra deferral period is not granted automatically.
- October will study the applications on a case-by-case basis and will verify the company’s need to request the extra deferral period by requesting additional documents, studying the impact of Covid-19 on the company’s sector…
- If the October Committee accepts the application, we will ask the October lenders to vote.
How retail lenders can participate in these projects
We have answered a dozen questions that you could have, to help you understand how you can support businesses while benefiting from a guarantee.
Does the guarantee cover the entire duration of the loan? Yes the loan is covered by the State guarantee for its entire duration. After the first 12 months, the borrower can decide to spread the repayment of the loan over a period from 1 to 5 years. The guarantee still applies during this period. Only if the company goes bankrupt within the first 2 months after granting the loan, the guarantee will not apply.
What are the costs for lenders? There are no associated fees for lenders. It is the borrower who bears the cost of the guarantee. To be clear, there are never any costs for October lenders (no top-up, no debit, no management fees, etc.).
Is the interest rate different from a "normal" October loan? Yes, the interest rate for a State-guaranteed loan is different from a normal October loan.
What is the change in risk compensation for lenders? October’s non-guaranteed interest rate grid ranges from 2.5% to 9.9%, depending on the risk of the company. For all French State-guaranteed projects, to reflect the fact that 90% of the risk is covered, the Internal Return Rate (IRR) is lower. Its exact level will depend on how long, at the end of the first year, the borrower decides to keep the loan for.
As an example if the borrower is a B+ and decides to keep the loan for 2 years after the first year (total maturity 36 months), they will pay 4.31% for the last 24 months, which translates into an IRR of 3.15% to lenders over the full life of the loan.
Can all lenders lend to businesses that benefit from the State-guaranteed loan? All retail and institutional lenders can lend to State-guaranteed projects published on the platform, regardless of their country of residence.
How to distinguish a State-guarantee project from a "classic" project? In the Project Description it will be indicated with the following sentence: "This project is covered by the French State Guarantee".
What is the risk if a company defaults? The state guarantee does not secure the continuance of a business. The business is merely provided with extra credit, to support the company during the coronavirus crisis. Nonetheless, no one can predict how the company will come out. In other words, your loan can default. Therefore, the risk of a State-guaranteed loan is the same as a traditional loan: you can lose part of the capital lent. The State guarantee covers up to 90% of the capital. This means that if a company goes bankrupt and no longer pays its instalments, the State will reimburse lenders 90% of the remaining capital owed by the borrower. The risk of capital loss, apart from the risk of the French government defaulting, is therefore only on 10% of the capital. It is the lender who bears the risk, just as with a "classic" October loan. The platform does not under any circumstances substitute to the borrower's repayments.
When is the guarantee activated? The guarantee is activated once a judicial officer has issued a certificate of uncollectibility for the October lenders' debt.
Should you wish to find out more on the Borrower perspective you can read the FAQ.